Uniform Commercial Code Research

Updated March 29, 2016.
Prepared by Cheryl Nyberg; updated by Stewart Caton (2015) and Tania Schriwer (2009).

The Uniform Commercial Code is a comprehensive code that encompasses most parts of commercial law. The UCC is a model code, which means that it does not alone have legal force; it must be adopted by a jurisdiction to have legal effect. However, most jurisdictions have adopted the UCC either in whole or in part.

Experts in commercial law draft and revise the code, and the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws and the American Law Institute will recommend to states to adopt the Code and its revisions. The 2003 amendments to Articles 2 and 2A were not adopted by any state, and in 2011 they were withdrawn. The University of Pennsylvania maintains an electronic archive of drafts and meetings on the evolution of the UCC (and other uniform laws).

This research guide provides information on finding key sources related to the UCC. The guide will show researchers how to locate primary and secondary sources both online and in print.

Access to Bloomberg Law, Lexis, and Westlaw is restricted to users with individual IDs and passwords.

UCC Text

Bloomberg Law | Cornell Legal Information Institute | Lexis | Westlaw

Uniform Commercial Code: Official Text with Comments
KF890 .W45 2013-2014 at Classified Stacks

Uniform Laws Annotated, vols. 1-5
One of the most commonly used resources for beginning research under the UCC. Uniform Laws Annotated (ULA) provides not only the text of the UCC and its commentary, but also annotations after each section for primary law (cases) and secondary sources that are relevant to each section. Volumes 1-5 of the set are associated with the UCC. Also included are the state variations of the UCC as they were adopted in a jurisdiction.
KF879.A45 U5 at Reference Area | WestlawNext

Westlaw: Commercial Law Statutes & Court Rules
State statutes adopting some or all UCC articles.



Westlaw: Uniform Commercial Code Cases

Uniform Commercial Code Case Digest: Companion to the Uniform Commercial Code Reporting Service (current through 2009)
Digest that abstracts UCC cases contained in the Uniform Commercial Code Reporting Service; arranged by UCC section number.
KF880.3 .P5 at Compact Stacks

Uniform Commercial Code Reporting Service: Companion to the Uniform Commercial Code Case Digest (current through 2009)
Published in two series, this set contains UCC cases from 1964 to present, covering all the U.S. jurisdictions. Reported cases include headnotes, text of court opinions, editors’ notes, and the names of attorneys and judges involved in the case.
KF885 .U54 at Compact Stacks | Lexis


Books & Treatises


These one-volume works provide handy overviews of the UCC. Editions subject to change.

Uniform Commercial Code in a Nutshell, 8th ed. (2012).
Offers a concise, but thorough, introduction.
KF889.85 .S68 2012 at Reference Area

Sales and Leases of Goods in a Nutshell, 4th ed. (2003).
Presents an introduction to the law of sales and leases under Articles 2 and 2A and related subjects governed by Articles 5 and 7.
KF915.Z9 S7 2003 at Reference Area

The ABCs of the UCC.
This series, published by the American Bar Association, offers stand-alone volumes each devoted to introducing a different article of the UCC. The volumes are published separately and new editions are frequently released. Because each volume of this series has a different call number, search the Law Library catalog by the phrase "ABCs of the UCC”.
Bloomberg Law

White & Summers, Uniform Commercial Code, 6th ed. (Hornbook series)
Like other Hornbooks, this staple for law students conducting research offers a comprehensive look at the UCC in a single volume.
KF890 .W45 2010 at Reference Area

The Portable UCC, 5th ed. (2012).
Published by the American Bar Association, this easy-to-use reference guide provides a resource on the go for students and practitioners researching the UCC.
KF890 .U47 2012 at Reference Area


These resources offer more detailed, in-depth analysis and commentary.

Bender's Uniform Commercial Code Service. 25+ vols.
Some volumes updated annually. Includes Sales and Bulk Transfers under the UCC. Vols. 3 and 3A, supplemented through 2013.
KF885.B4 at Classified Stacks | Lexis

Lawrence’s Anderson on the Uniform Commercial Code, 3d ed. 25+ vols. updated annually.
Includes "[d]iscussion of commercial law practices, local code variations, and related noncode laws . . . [and] [o]n-point case citations and cross-references to other relevant text and practice materials."
KF879.514.A53 1981 at Reference Area | Westlaw

Hawkland's Uniform Commercial Code Series .
"[P]rovides the official code text, official comments, variations enacted by the states, and Permanent Editorial Board comments[,]. . . section-by-section analysis and commentary, other related legislation, and case references."

Williston on Sales, 5th ed. 4 vols. updated annually.
KF915.W5 1994 at Reference Area

Quinn’s Uniform Commercial Code Commentary and Law Digest, 2d ed. 4 vols. updated annually.
KF879.528.Q56 2002 at Reference Area | Westlaw

White & Summers, Uniform Commercial Code, 6th ed. (Practitioner Treatise Series) 4 vols. updated annually. Table of contents & index
KF890.W452 2010 at Reference Area | Westlaw

The Law of Secured Transactions under the Uniform Commercial Code, 3d ed. Vols. 1 & 2 supplemented through 2013.
KF1050 .C6 2011 at Classified Stacks | Lexis

To find more books, search the Gallagher Law Library catalog by these subject headings:

  • Commercial law -- United States
  • Sales -- United States
  • Uniform Commercial Code



American Jurisprudence Legal Forms 2d, vols. 18-19.
KF170 .A4 1971 at Reference Area | Westlaw

UCC Pleading and Practice Forms. 3 vols.
"Covers the governing law and principles with brief analytical text; checklists, including allegations that must be included or are permissible in the pleadings in different jurisdictions; trial aids to assist in planning strategy; statutory and text references; and a step-by-step chronological procedural timetable."

Westlaw: Commercial Law Form Finder
State-specific and general forms culled from a variety of sources, including UCC Legal Forms, UCC Pleading and Practice Forms, and forms from Williston on Contracts.

Forms and Procedures under the UCC.
"Complete guidance and procedural analysis regarding both the mechanics of completing UCC related forms and the substantive law connected with those forms." Includes a table of state variations.

Modern UCC Litigation Forms.
"Complete, up-to-date litigation forms adapted from actual cases for the preparation and trial of a commercial lawsuit."
KF885.B4 vol. 4 at Classified Stacks | Lexis

Washington Secured Transactions under Revised Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code: Forms and Practice Manual.
KFW175 .K37 2003 at Reference Area

Washington Practice Series: Uniform Commercial Code Forms with Practice Comments, vols. 7-8
KFW80 .W3 v.7-8 1967 at Reference Area | Westlaw


Law Review Articles

Although there are a few specialized law reviews and journals that focus on the UCC, most scholarly articles on this topic appear in general law school law reviews. Search the law review components of HeinOnline, Lexis, and/or Westlaw to find these articles.

The specialized journals are:

Uniform Commercial Code Law Journal, 1968-date.
Shelved by title at Compact Stacks | Westlaw

Uniform Commercial Code Law Letter, 1967-date.
Shelved by title at Compact Stacks | Westlaw

UCC Bulletin, 1991-date.
KF885.U542 at Reference Area | Westlaw

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal, 2002-date.
Shelved by title at Compact Stacks | HeinOnline | Lexis | Westlaw



Corporation Service Company, Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) Timeline
Focuses on the development of Article 9.

The University of Pennsylvania Biddle Law Library maintains a manuscript and digital archive of the American Law Institute, including records pertaining to the UCC (1935 - 2003).


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